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Diuretics Some of these medicines may decrease your body’s supply of a mineral called potassium. Symptoms such as weakness, leg cramps or being tired may cause. Eating foods containing potassium may prevent significant potassium loss. To prevent potassium loss by taking a liquid or tablet that has potassium along with the diuretic, if your doctor recommends it. Diuretics such as amiloride (Midama), spironolactone (Aldactone) or triamterene (Dyrenium) is called “potassium sparing” agents. They don’t cause your body lose potassium. They might be prescribed alone but are usually used with another diuretic. Some of these combinations is Aldactazide, Dyazide, Maxzide or Moduretic.
Some people suffer from attacks of gout after prolonged treatment with diuretics. This side effect is rare & can be managed by other treatment. This is because of hyperurecemia caused by diuretics.
In people with diabetes, diuretic drugs to increase blood glucose. A change in drug, diet, insulin or oral hypoglycaemic dosage resolves that in most cases. Your doctor may change your treatment. Most of the time rate of increase in blood sugar isn’t much. Impotence can also occur in a small percentage of people.
Beta blockers Acebutolol (Sectral), atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor, Mepressor, Merol), nadolol (Corgard), pindolol (wipers), propranolol (Inderal) or timolol (Blocadren) can cause insomnia, cold hands & feet, fatigue or depression, a slow heartbeat or symptoms of asthma. Impotence can occur. If you’ve diabetes & you’re insulin, your response to treatment monitored closely.
ACE inhibitors, these drugs such as captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Zestril or Prinivil) may cause rashes, loss of taste, a chronic dry, hacking cough most frequent side effect, & in rare cases, kidney damage.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers These drugs can occasionally cause dizziness.
Calcium channel blockers Diltiazem (Cardizem), nicardipine (Card), nifedipine (Procardia) & verapamil (Calan & Isoptin) may cause palpitations, swollen ankles edema, constipation, headache or dizziness. Side Effects of each of these drugs differs a lot.
Alpha-blockers These drugs can cause rapid pulse, dizziness or a drop in blood pressure when standing up, ie E postural hypoteson
Combined alpha-and beta-blockers People taking these drugs may experience a drop in blood pressure when standing up.
Central America agonists Alpha methyldopa (Aldomet) may produce a greater fall in blood pressure when you’re in an upright position (standing or walking) & can make you feel weak or faint of pressure was lowered too far. This medicine may cause drowsiness or sluggishness, dry mouth, fever, or anaemia. Male patients may experience impotence. If this reaction continues, the doctor may need to change drug dosage or use another medicine.
Clonidine (Catapres), Guana benz (Wytensin) or guanfacine (Tenex) can cause severe dryness of mouth, constipation or drowsiness production. If you are 1 of these drugs, not suddenly stop because your blood pressure can quickly lead to dangerously high levels.
Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors reserpine can cause a stuffy nose, diarrhoea or heartburn. These effects aren’t serious & no treatment is needed other than the amount of drugs taken to change. If you’ve nightmares or insomnia or get depressed, “says the doctor. You should stop using drugs.
Guanadrel (Hylorel) or guanethidine (Ismelin) may cause some diarrhea, which may persist for some people. This side effect is usually less of a problem if you continue treatment.
These drugs reduce blood pressure more when you are standing. Therefore, you dizzy & lightheaded & feel weak when you get out of bed in the morning or stand up suddenly. If you notice any of these reactions, & if they persist for more than a minute or 2 to sit or lie down & either reduce or omit the next dose of the drug. If symptoms continue, contact your doctor.
If you’re taking guanethidine won’t be standing in the hot sun or at a social gathering if you begin to feel faint or weak. These activities cause low blood pressure. Male patients may experience impotence. Contact your doctor if this happens. These drugs are rarely used unless other drugs don’t help.